Ereveld Pandu, Pilgrimage Tour in Bandung.
Ereveld Pandu is a Dutch burial complex which is one of two ereveld located in Jawa Barat.
Another Erelevald is Ereveld Leuwigajah in Cimahi City.
In this cemetery there are 4,000 graves.
Most of the tombs were military figures and war victims who died in Japanese concentration camps.
If you see the highest point of Ereveld’s grave, you can see the flag flying.
At the bottom of the flag, you will be able to see the names of people who have been killed.
Ereveld Pandu is opened as a pilgrimage tour or grave tour for anyone who wants to see the list of names of victims of war until 1945.
Two monuments have been built here to commemorate the struggle of people in wartime.
One is a civilian monument, while the other is a monument to soldiers who are buried unnamed.
At the tomb, Ereveld Pandu also contained Prof. Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker, a Dutch architect who designed the design of a number of famous buildings in the city of Bandung.
Burial Complex Set on Mount Tangkuban Perahu
It is not difficult to reach this cemetery complex.
You only need to be on Jalan Pajajaran and head of Jalan Pandu for 500 meters.
When you arrive, you will not only be amazed by neat funeral conditions and not at all frightening.
You can even see the background of the tomb in the form of the Tangkuban Perahu Mountain.
Sketch of The Ereveld Pandu
The Pandu Gate is two pillars that are quite high.
On one of the pillars there is a statement, “Visitors to Ereveld Pandu: 100 Meters of the Road Continue and Press the Bell at the Gate There Is a Parking Lot Inside Ereveld Pandu”.
When you set foot across the gate, you can already see the density of the tomb.
There are various types of building models.
Among the thousands of tombs, there is the Ursone family tomb, an Italian family.
The family was a wealthy merchant of his time and at the same time became the family of the founder of Bandoengsche Melk Central (BMC) whose building still stands on Jalan Aceh.
Ursone’s grave position is closest to the entrance gate, so you can see it directly when you pass the entrance.
After entering the gate, the adventure of fighting thousands of tombs began.
One of the tombs that attracted attention was the tomb of the Ursone Mausoleum because of its different shape than the others.
On the inside of the building has a room to store more than one gravestone.
Looking from the front, the Ursone Mausoleum is a temple with two female angel statues on the right and left sides of the entrance.
Besides the beautiful statue, at the top of the headstone is written Orate Pro Nobis which means pray for us and right at the entrance written Fam Ursone.
There are eight names that inhabit this tomb, including A.C. Ursone v Dijk, A. Ursone, Antonio Domenico De Biasi, Dr. C. G. Ursone, G.M. Ursone, J.A.G. van Dijk, M.G. Ursone, and P.A. Ursone.
The Ursone family was famous as a milk entrepreneur in 1895.
The business began with 30 dairy cows and developed into 250 cows around 1940.
The tomb of Charles Schoemaker
Not far from the Ursone family’s grave, there is a gravestone with the name Prof. Ir. Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker.
The headstone was dated July 25, 1882-22 May 1949.
The grave of a great teacher seems normal, almost without ornaments like the one in the Ursone family.
Shoemaker’s tombs are looks simple and is in a dense environment of other tombs.
To be known, Schoemaker was an architect and teacher for the first generation of indigenous engineers at the Technische Hogeschool (Bandung Institute of Technology).
One of his students was President Soekarno.
Schoemaker’s architectural work that can still be felt today is Gedung Merdeka.
The building is still functioning and has become the venue for the Asian-African Conference in Bandung.
In addition, there is also a Sukamiskin prison which is now a shelter for a number of prisoners of corruption cases.
The prison is also the work of Schoemaker.
Schoemaker’s other works are the Preanger Hotel, Bethel Church, Cipaganti Mosque and Villa Isola.
But Schoemaker’s grave is not as artistic as the work he made.
Instead, it is squeezed in with other gravestones.
Raymond Kennedy’s grave on Evereld Pandu
Besides Schoemaker, Pandu cemetery is also the resting place of Raymond Kennedy.
He is a professor of anthropology from Yale University who has written three books on Indonesian ethnology.
How to visit
Although this place is open to the public, the way to enter this tomb should not be done carelessly.
In other words, actually not just anyone can enter this cemetery complex.
You need to know in advance that Ereveld means the Honorary Park is an exclusive cemetery.
This place is a burial complex for the army of Koninklijk Nederlands-Indisch Leger (KNIL) who were killed while fighting with Japan in the Dutch East Indies.
The land used is Dutch territory.
Visitors are allowed to enter after obtaining a permit to the Oorloch Gravenstichting or the Dutch Honorary Cemetery Foundation under the auspices of the Dutch Embassy.
So, if you want to visit this tomb, contact a travel agency that has a special permit to enter the Ereveld Pandu area.
History of Ereveld Pandu
The head of the board of Ereveld Pandu, Purwadi said, in Indonesia there are 7 Ereveld.
Two of them are in West Java, namely in Leuwigajah, Cimahi and Pandu, in Bandung.
Pandu Cemetery is a Dutch war cemetery which died in 1941-1945 during the Japanese invasion of Indonesia and the revolutionary period after the second world war.
The people involved in the war were buried in the cemetery.
Some of them are moving from Muntok, Palembang and Makassar.
Among all the tombs, one of the tombs was inhabited by Gerardus Johannes Berenschot.
He was a Lieutenant General and KNIL commander between 1939-1941.
In the Dutch East Indies, Berenschot was the only KNIL commander who had indigenous Indonesian blood.
This tomb was inaugurated March 7, 1948 along with 14 bodies of victims of Tjiatersterling.
Thousands of war victims buried here are also Dutch and Indonesian civilians.
Their profession used to be a maid and garden worker.
War victims whose identities are known, their names will be written on the gravestone.
While the victim whose name cannot be identified, the tomb only says “geexecuteerde” (executed).
However, here too you can see a different form of gravestone, which indicates the conviction of someone who is buried there.
Headstones, Representing Beliefs
There are five types of gravestones including Christian men, Christian women, Muslims, Buddhists and Jews.
Headstones for mass graves are also different.
All of the tombs were cared for by officers who numbered 14 people.
Watchtime also alternates with visiting hours from 7am to 6pm.
Located on Jl. Pandu No. 32, Pamoyanan, Cicendo, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.